Human Rights, Their Violation And Humanitarian Intervention
Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever their nationality. These rights are expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties and customary international law and by national legal frameworks. The internationalization of human rights has been increasingly recognized. International law traditionally considered relation between a state and its citizens to be a domestic affair, falling under the principle of state sovereignty. Individuals were objects of state action, but not international subjects. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. UDHR is widely recognized by almost every country of the world. With this wide recognition, conflict emerged between the rights of states i. e. soveregnity and rights of the people i.e. human rights. In the post-Cold War era, the recognition of the linkage between violations of human rights and international peace and security has opened the room for humanitarian intervention in international relations. Humanitarian intervention may be defined as: Forcible action by states to prevent or to end gross violations of human rights on behalf of people other than their own nationals, through the use of armed force without the consent of the target government and with or without UN authorization. In the present paper attempt has been made to examine the concept of human right, their violation and humanitarian intervention to stop their violation.
Reshma Lakha Singh, Human rights in a digital world, 28 September 2017, www.wits.ac.za
Magdalena Gawrońska, Human Rights in the Digital World November 13, 2015 www.gmfus.or
Şaban Kardaş, Humanitarian Intervention: The Evolution Of The Idea And Practice, Journal Of International Affairs, Volume VI, Number 2, June - July 2001.
Cristina Gabriela Badescu, Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility to Protect-Security and human rights, Routledge - an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, New York, 2011, p. 3.
Eileen Donahoe, Human Rights in the Digital Age, december 23, 2014, www.hrw.org
Eileen Donahoe, Digital Disruption of Human Rights, March 25, 2016, www.hrw.org
Adam Roberts, "Humanitarian War: Military Intervention and Human Rights", International Affairs, London, Vol. 69, No. 3, July 1993, p. 425.
Jennifer M. Welsh, Humanitarian Interventions and International Relations, Oxford University Press Inc., New York, 2004, pp. 72-73.
J. L . Holzgrefe and Robert O. Keohane, Humanitarian Intervention Ethical, Legal, and Political Dilemmas, Cambridge University Press, New York, 2003, p. 86.
Amin Saikal, Modern Afghanistan- A History of Struggle and Survival, I.B.Tauris & Co Ltd, New York, 2004, p. 240.
Iram Khalid, “Politics of Intervention: A Case of Kosovo, Afghanistan and Iraq”, International Journal of Business and Social Science, Vol. 2, No. 11, Special Issue - June 2011, p. 73.
Ramesh Thakur &Waheguru Pal Singh Sidhu, The Iraq Crisis and World Order: Structural, Institutional and Normative Challenges, United Nations University Press, New York, 2006, p 11.
Eric A. Heinze, Waging Humanitarian War-The Ethics, Law, and Politics of Humanitarian Intervention, State University of New York Press, Albany, 2009, p. 27.
Wayne Sandholtz, “Humanitarian Intervention Global Enforcement of Human Rights?”, in Globalization and Human Rights, edited by Alison Brysk, University of California Press Limited, London, 2002, p. 212.
Cristina Gabriela Badescu, op. cit., pp. 27-28
Thomas G. Weiss, Margaret E. Crahan, and John Goering, Wars on Terrorism and Iraq - Human Rights, Unilateralism, and U.S. Foreign Policy, Routledge-An Imprint of The Taylor & Francis Group, New York, 2004, p. 7-8
Aidan Hehir, Humanitarian Intervention -An Introduction, Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2010, p. 117
Mohammed Ayoob, “The war against Iraq-Normative and strategic implications”, in Wars on Terrorism and Iraq-Human rights, Thomas G. Weiss, Margaret E. Crahan, John Goering, unilateralism, and U.S. foreign policy, Routledge, New York, 2004, p. 168.
James Pattison, Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility to Protect-Who Should Intervene?, Oxford University Press, New York, 2010, pp. 173, 174.
A. M. Johannessen, “Humanitarian Intervention and the 'Responsibility To Protect' After September 11”, 3 July, 2008, http//:amjohannes.wikidot.com/humanitarian-intervention-and-the-responsibility-to-protect
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.